(a) All platforms over 6 feet high will conform with OSHA regulations and include proper guardrails, toe boards and access ladders.
(b) Only authorized and trained personnel shall operated mechanical lifts i.e. manlifts and scissor lifts. All personnel will be tied off to the basket/work platform when using a mechanical lifts.
J. Fall Protection:
No MaD Technical Services employee or subcontractor will be required at any time to expose themselves to a potential fall to a lower elevation without some form of required protection. If this is not followed to the letter, then the job will not be performed.
1) Mandatory 100 % protection when exposed to falls over 6 feet.
2) Exposure will be prevented by:
(a) Establishing walls, floors, and/or standard guardrails.
Using work platforms and/or aerial lifts.
(c) Use of Fall Protection system.
3) Fall protection systems: Fall arrest system: Required when there is a risk of a worker falling from an elevated position 6 feet or above. A personal fall arrest system is a passive protection system, which comes into service when a fall occurs.
4) Maintenance and Inspection:
(a) All fall protection equipment shall be inspected regularly for wear and damage. Damaged equipment will not be used.
(b) Harnesses should be hung up when not in use.
(c) Should cleaning be needed, do not use harsh chemicals such as gasoline, degreasers, paint thinner or turpentine.
(d) A few drops of lightweight motor oil should be used to lubricate and protect the snap hooks.
L. Rigging and Material Handling:
1) General Requirements:
All rigging equipment shall be inspected prior to use and as necessary during the shift to ensure safety. Damaged or defective equipment shall be immediately removed from service.
b) All rigging devices, including slings, will have permanently affixed identification stating size, grade, rated capacity and manufacturer.
c) Rigging not in use will be stored away from the immediate work area.
d) All rigging shall be stored so as to avoid damage, kinks and bends.
e) Only approved, manufactured and tested hooks, grabs, clamps or other lifting devices shall be used.
f) Slings not in use shall not be left on the ground. Store slings to prevent unnecessary exposure to dirt and the elements.
All slings in use on the project shall have manufactured eyes.
2) Safe Operating Practices:
a) Slings in use shall not be shortened by knots, bolts or other makeshift devices.
b) Slings shall be padded to protect from damage due to sharp corners.
c) Slings used in a basket hitch shall have the loads balanced to prevent slippage.
d) All loads handled by slings shall be landed on cribbing so that slings need not be pulled from under or be crushed by the load.
e) Slings subjected to shock loading shall be immediately removed from use and destroyed.
f) When using U-bolt wire rope clips (Crosby clamps) manufacturer's instructions shall be used to determine the number and spacing of clips.
g) Wire rope clips shall be applied in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
3) Inspection and Record Keeping:
a) Operators will inspect and document the condition of all wire rope and nylon slings, hooks, clamps, and shackles, daily prior to use. Damaged slings or hardware shall be removed from service.
b) Once each month slings shall be inspected and marked with color-coded tape. The color will match that used for the Assured Equipment Grounding Program (AEGP). (Refer to item 5.0.E.2)
c) A record of monthly inspections will be maintained by MaD Technical Services Safety.
d) Wire rope slings shall be removed from service when:
(i) Two randomly distributed broken wires in one rope lay or five broken wires in one strand in one rope lay.
(ii) Wear or scraping of one-third the original diameter of outside individual wires.
(iii) Chinking, crushing, bird caging, or similar damage exists.
(iv) End attachments are deformed, cracked or worn
(v) Exposure to high temperatures. In excess manufacturer's specification.
(vi) Corrosion of the rope or the end attachments.
e) Natural or synthetic fiber rope slings shall not be used.
f) Synthetic web slings shall be removed from service when:
(i) Subjected to bums or melting from any heat source, acids or caustic chemicals.
(ii) Snags punctures, tears or cuts are observed, exposing the safety wear cording.
(iii) Stitching is worn or broken.
(iv) Exposure to temperatures in excess of 180 degrees Fahrenheit.
N. Temporary Heat:
1) Temporary heating will be approved on an individual basis. Provisions shall be made to monitor air quality, and build-up of harmful gases to prevent the possibility of carbon monoxide poisoning.
2) Heaters shall be approved type only, in good repair and used in accordance with the purpose for which they were designed.
3) All temporary heating devices will be inspected regularly and inspections documented at least monthly.
O. Powered Industrial Trucks:
1) General requirements.
Approved trucks shall bear a label or some other identifying mark indicating approval by the testing laboratory. If the powered industrial truck is accepted by a nationally recognized testing laboratory, it should be so marked. Modifications and additions, which affect capacity and safe operation, shall not be performed by the customer or user without manufacturer’s prior written approval. Capacity, operation, and maintenance instruction plates, tags, or decals shall be changed accordingly.
If the truck is equipped with front-end attachments other than factory-installed attachments, the user shall request that the truck be marked to identify the attachments and show the approximate weight of the truck and attachment combination at maximum elevation with load laterally centered.
The user shall see that all nameplates and markings are in place and are maintained in a legible condition.
2) Designated locations.
Power-operated industrial trucks shall not be used in atmospheres containing hazardous concentration of acetylene, butadiene, ethylene oxide, hydrogen (or gases or vapors equivalent in hazard to hydrogen, such as manufactured gas.
High Lift Rider trucks shall be fitted with an overhead guard. If the type of load presents a hazard, the user shall equip fork trucks with a vertical load backrest extension.
3) Fuel handling and storage.
The storage and handling of liquid fuels such as gasoline and diesel fuel shall be in accordance with NFPA Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code (NFPA No. 30-1969) is incorporated by reference as specified in OSHA Sec. 29 CFR 1910.6.
The storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gas fuel shall be in accordance with NFPA Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum Gases (NFPA No. 58-1969), which is incorporated by reference as specified in OSHA Sec. 29 CFR 1910.6.
4) Operator training.
Prior to permitting an employee to operate a powered industrial truck (except for training purposes), the employer shall ensure that each operator has successfully completed the required training.
Training program implementation. Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only under the direct supervision of persons who have the knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their competence; and where such operation does not endanger the trainee or other employees.
5) Truck operations.
Trucks shall not be driven up to anyone standing in front of a bench or other fixed object.
No person shall be allowed to stand or pass under the elevated portion of any truck, whether loaded or empty.
Unauthorized personnel shall not be permitted to ride on powered industrial trucks. A safe place to ride shall be provided where riding of trucks is authorized.
The employer shall prohibit arms or legs from being placed between the uprights of the mast or outside the running lines of the truck. When a powered industrial truck is left unattended, load-engaging means shall be fully lowered, controls shall be neutralized, power shall be shut off, and brakes set. Wheels shall be blocked if the truck is parked on an incline.